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Tuổi 15-11-2009, 01:41 PM   #1
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View the Sendmail or Postfix mail queue!
View the Sendmail or Postfix mail queue! and Empty Postfix Mail Queue


Be able to view the mail queue to determine if any mail is stuck in the queue, and if necessary, ask the MTA to reprocess or flush the queue.


As noted in section Determine which MTA is being used on the system, the BSD systems use Sendmail or Postfix by default for handling mail.
The mail queue can be displayed using the mailq(1) utility. The queue listing identifies messages that are still queued (not successfully sent or delivered yet). The output includes MTA's internal message identifier, the size of the message, the date and time the message was accepted into the queue, the sender's envelope address, and the recipient address(es), as well as a reason of failure for messages that have permanently failed.
When using Postfix, if the mailq(1) utility is not setup, use postqueue -p to display the traditional sendmail-style queue listing. To make MTA attempt to deliver all queued mail issue commands: sendmail -q for Sendmail and postqueue -f for Posftix.

Following are two examples of mailq(1) output. First when used with Sendmail:
""# mailq ""/var/spool/mqueue (1 request) ""-----Q-ID----- --Size-- -----Q-Time----- ------------Sender/Recipient----------- ""l0ID36a2085983 524 Thu Jan 18 14:03 <> "" (Deferred: Operation timed out with "" <> "" Total requests: 1
And an example when used with Postfix:
""# mailq ""-Queue ID- --Size-- ----Arrival Time---- -Sender/Recipient------- ""D184ACAB55 709 Fri Jan 19 20:50:08 ""(delivery temporarily suspended: connect to[]: Connection refused) "" "" ""-- 709 bytes in 1 Request.
Practice Exercises

  1. When logged into your mail server, see the output of postqueue(1) and/or mailq(1) commands (depending on which MTA is used).

Empty Postfix Mail Queue

This command will delete one specific email from the mailq (taken from the postsuper man page)

mailq | tail +2 | grep -v '^ *(' | awk 'BEGIN { RS = "" } { if ($8 == "" && $9 == "") print $1 } ' | tr -d '*!' | postsuper -d -

I use a few scripts that check the status of our servers and email/page me if they don't respond. This led to a problem when I was offline for one reason or another. I would get a ton of messages sent to the postfix queue which would all be sent out when I reconnected to the internet. Deleting the postfix mail Queue is suprisingly easy:

sudo postsuper -d ALL

This command will delete all messages in the Postfix queue. If you need more selective deleting, this can be done as well, use 'man postsuper' to find out all of the available options.

Postfix Flush the Mail Queue

Traditionally you use the "sendmail -q" command to flush mail queue under Sendmail MTA. Under Postfix MTA, just enter the following command to flush the mail queue:

# postfix flush


# postfix -f

To see mail queue, enter:

# mailq

To remove all mail from the queue, enter:

# postsuper -d ALL

To remove all mails in the deferred queue, enter:

# postsuper -d ALL deferred script

Following script deletes all mail from the mailq which matches the regular expression specified as the first argument (Credit: ??? - I found it on old good newsgroup)

Trích dẫn:

$REGEXP = shift || die "no email-adress given (regexp-style, e.g. bl.*\!";

@data = qx</usr/sbin/postqueue -p>;
for (@data) {
if (/^(\w+)(\*|\!)?\s/) {
$queue_id = $1;
if($queue_id) {
if (/$REGEXP/i) {
$Q{$queue_id} = 1;
$queue_id = "";

#open(POSTSUPER,"|cat") || die "couldn't open postsuper" ;
open(POSTSUPER,"|postsuper -d -") || die "couldn't open postsuper" ;

foreach (keys %Q) {
print POSTSUPER "$_\n";

For example, delete all queued messages from or to the domain called, enter:


Delete all queued messages that contain the word "xyz" in the e-mail address:

./ xyz

Updated for accuracy.

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